The Typewriter Copiers

The Xerox 6002 is a compact electronic typewriter, as opposed to the smaller portable electronic typewriters I’ve blogged about previously.


It’s a heavy machine, bigger than many “compact” office machines, yet much lighter than the Selectric typewriters it replaced.


The keyboard is spacious and has a nice tactile feel to it. A good choice for anyone wanting to learn how to touch type after years of two-finger typing on a computer keyboard.

It’s a bland office machine – but what sparked my interest was the $20 price tag and the printwheels and ribbons that came with it …


For most of us the name Xerox is synonymous with photocopiers and printers, but did you know they were also big players in the electronic typewriter business?

“In 1972 a team at Diablo Systems led by engineer David S Lee developed the first commercially successful daisy wheel printer.  Xerox acquired Diablo that same year and later adapted Diablo’s daisy wheel technology into a typewriter that sold for less than $50. An automated factory was built near Dallas that took less than 30 minutes to assemble a Xerox typewriter. The Xerox typewriter was well received but never achieved the projected sales numbers due to the advent of the PC and word processing software.” (Wikipedia)


Not surprising then that, by the early 1990s, Xerox had resorted to giving typewriters away with their copiers…


What  does surprise me is the “Made in Germany” sticker on the back of  the machine …


Surprising until you learn that the Xerox 6002 is in fact a Triumph Adler CompacTA 400 DS electronic typewriter in another guise. The “Xerox” printwheels  that came with the typewriter were also made in West Germany  (or Switzerland), and the “Xerox” ribbons that came with the typewriter were made in the U.K.


A  rubber gasket inside the left-hand platen knob is marked “Made in Italy”. The typewriter itself has a U.K. plug.


An online search on “Xerox 575 printwheel” (the 575 is an earlier Triumph-Adler model without an LCD screen) brings up printwheels  compatible with Adler /Royal. Throw “IBM” and “Juki” brand names into the mix and things start to get confusing.



Fortunately, I’m not alone in being confused.  Here’s part of a reply to a post on the Yahoo Golfball Typewriter Shop forum :

“Worldwide the models made by Triumph-Adler can get confusing – same machine, multiple models. Quite apart from it’s own corporate lines Triumph (mainly Germany), Adler (worldwide), Royal (US) & Imperial (UK), you then had all these sub-models such as Alpha, Gabriele, Satellite etc. Gabriele was an Adler portable brand for many years and very well respected.

I was immediately impressed with the model we had which was the TA Gabriele 9009, equal to your Satellite. The TA SE310 came not too long after and further models not long behind.

Then it also appeared as the IBM 6715 Action Writer, and also Xerox has one or two models. The Xerox 6002 had an LCD so this is most likely similar to the SE310, whereas IBM never had an LCD model sourced from TA. I do not know if Xerox had a non-LCD model, the 6002 is the only one I have a picture of.”

Xerox did have a non-LCD model (in fact they had several). The aforementioned Xerox 575 for example (that single, chunky platen knob is a strong indication of its German origins):

And I found this  photo of a Xerox 6001 on a Russian auction site…


Xerox 6001 (Russian)

The Xerox 575, the 6001 and 6002 electronic typewriters were all sourced from what was then TA Adler-Royal – as were the IBM 6715 Actionwriters sold by IBM …


IBM 6715 Actionwriter (circa 1985)

There are undoubtedly many more brand name variants. Open up the lid of an ’80s wedge and what you’ll find is a great big can of worms.¹


p.s. I was very wrong in thinking that the Juki 2200 was a T-A clone. It simply makes uses of a T-A printwheel (and an Olivetti ribbon cartridge). Live and learn!


10 thoughts on “The Typewriter Copiers

  1. It was confusing that the IBM Wheelwriter and IBM Actionwriter daisywheels were not interchangeable (nor the ribbons), since the Wheelwriter and Actionwriter were produced and sold at the same time. I really never understood why IBM sold this rebranded machine.


  2. Hi everybody, I think I have one of those Xerox machines somewhere in my collection. I never connected the dots between Adler, IBM and Xerox but it all seems so clear now. By the way, those printwheels were also known as “Daisywheels”. Cheers to all


  3. I find it facinateing that despite taking advantage of electronics, these machines didn’t seem to have been engineered to accomdate a proportional type-face, which electronic machines were quite able to take in their stride without any problems.

    Interesting machines though. I had heard that Xerox had made typers, but I hadn’t seen one till now.


  4. A mighty wedge indeed. I reckon that is a good and curious find. I know nothing about Xerox as a typewriter brand, but do know they were quite the environmentalists as far as recycling and reusing parts on their copiers. Enjoy all that wedgy goodness


  5. That is one solid wedge.

    And I guess by the 80’s it could’ve been a “can of (type)slugs” as these were crushed by (print)wheels of wedges… 😉 By the way – given the size and working speed difference plus the “application legacy” – were the elements on printwheels called typeworms? 🙂


  6. S., these do seem to be worthy machines, if you must have a daisywheel, and maybe with some publicity we can scare up some manuals. Trying to run these without the codes is frustrating. Here is a page at the Typewriter Database about my Xerox 6015:

    The serial number is on a large aluminum plate screwed (! not very secure) inside the print compartment at the right front. There is no mention of country of origin.

    == Michel Höhne


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